Illustrated Articles

Medications

  • Amlodipine besylate is a calcium channel blocking agent used to treat high blood pressure in cats. This medication has also been used to decrease blood pressure in dogs with chronic kidney disease.

  • Ammonium chloride is used to make the urine more acidic, to dissolve certain types of urinary stones, to enhance the excretion of certain types of drugs or to enhance the efficacy of some antibiotics when treating urinary tract infections.

  • Amoxicillin is a synthetic penicillin-type antibiotic effective against a range of infections caused by gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria. This medication has been prescribed for your pet to treat a bacterial infection.

  • Amoxicillin-clavulanic acid, also known as amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium, is a synthetic penicillin-type antibiotic used to treat infections caused by gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria. It is used to treat skin and soft tissue infections, and periodontal disease. Amoxicillin-clavulanic acid comes in tablet form, or may be compounded as a liquid suspension. Amoxicillin-clavulanic acid may cause stomach upset, vomiting and diarrhea. Allergic reactions are rare, but if you observe the following signs contact your veterinarian immediately: irregular breathing, rash, fever, puffiness and swelling around the face.

  • Ampicillin is a semi-synthetic penicillin-type antibiotic effective against a range of infections caused by gram positive and gram negative bacteria. This medication has been prescribed for your pet to treat a bacterial infection

  • Antacids are used to neutralize excess acid (decrease the amount of acid) in the stomach. Antacids can be used for inflammation of the esophagus, excessive acid in the stomach, peptic ulcer and inflammation of the stomach. In patients with kidney failure, antacids may be used to decrease the amount of phosphate in the blood.

  • Aspirin is given by mouth in the form of a tablet, and is primarily used off label as an anti-clotting medication. It also acts as an anti-inflammatory, pain control, and fever-reducing medication. The most common side effects are gastrointestinal, such as vomiting, decreased appetite, diarrhea, and sometimes bleeding. Do not use aspirin in pets that have bleeding ulcers, bleeding disorders, asthma, pregnancy, or kidney failure. Aspirin should be used very cautiously in cats. If a negative reaction occurs, please call your veterinary office.

  • Atenolol is primarily used to treat heart disease in cats and dogs and to lower blood pressure. It is a beta1-blocking agent. Atenolol decreases the heart's need for blood and oxygen and therefore reduces the amount of work the heart must do. It also helps the heart beat more regularly.

  • Atovaquone (brand name MepronĀ®) is a drug used to treat infections caused by bacteria and protozoa. It is often combined with other drugs to treat specific infections. Side effects from atovaquone have not been reported; however, any side effects that you observe should be reported to your veterinarian. Any side effects that you observe should be reported to your veterinarian.

  • Atropine sulfate is used in the eye to dilate the pupil. It may also be used to control pain in the eye due to corneal and uveal disease and in treating secondary glaucoma.